Celebrate Women’s History Month and Spring by visiting the NYC parks, gardens, playgrounds and even a reservoir named for important New York women, and others named for other important historical women figures, in all five boroughs.
With just a few exceptions, these noteworthy women were born in NYC or lived here for much of their lives, including two First Ladies, a Revolutionary War heroine, an Olympic swimming champion, several social and science pioneers, and the mother of a British Prime Minister.
Alphabetically, by borough, since that’s the only fair way to recognize these great women recognized by the NYC Parks Dept:
The earliest woman figure honored with a park or playground is Egyptian ruler Cleopatra (69 BC-30 BC). The Bronx playground named for her is based on the site’s proximity to Anthony Avenue, which isn’t named for Cleopatra’s lover Mark Antony, or even for Latin entertainer Mark Anthony, but rather for a prominent Bronx family. The street name sparked the imagination of then Parks Commissioner Henry J. Stern, who renamed the playground for her in 1997.
Jennie Jerome Playground
Jennie Jerome Playground in the Bronx is named for Jeanette Jerome (1854-1921), who was born in Brooklyn, raised in New York City, and later married Lord Randolph Churchill. Jerome bore two sons, one of whom was Winston Churchill, who would become Prime Minister of England and bravely guide that country through World War II. Jerome Avenue in the Bronx is named for Jennie Jerome’s father.
Shirley Chisholm Circle at Brower Park
In 2016, a paved, circular terrace in Brower Park, Brooklyn named after Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (1924–2005), educator, social rights advocate and celebrated politician known as the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Congress and first major party African-American candidate to run for President of the United States.
She was a tireless champion of equal rights and access to high quality education.
Eleanor Roosevelt Park
Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) was born in New York City in 1884. The niece of President Theodore Roosevelt and the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Ms. Roosevelt distinguished herself in her own right. As a worldwide spokesperson, lecturer, and news columnist, she championed the causes of peace, of social reform and racial equality.
Roosevelt is honored with a playground in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn and a monument in Manhattan’s Riverside Park.
Lady Moody Triangle
In Gravesend, Brooklyn, Lady Moody Triangle honors Lady Deborah Moody (ca.1583-1659), a wealthy, Protestant widow who left England for America in 1639, and in 1645, settled in Brooklyn. Modern women can be proud of her contributions:
Moody founded the town of Gravesend, naming it after her hometown in the Old World, became the first woman in the New World to receive a land patent, to write the first town charter in English in New Netherland, and to establish one of the first towns with a square block plan in the New World.
Margaret Corbin Circle at Fort Tryon Park
Margaret Corbin (1751- ca. 1800), for whom Fort Tryon Park’s drive and the traffic circle at the park’s entrance are named, took control of her fallen husband John’s cannon and fought during the 1776 battle at the site of what is now known as Fort Tryon Park.
After American forces retreated into New Jersey following the Battle of Long Island and later the Battle of White Plains, about 3,000 soldiers remained on the hill in present-day Fort Tryon Park. The Continental Army fortified the battlement during the summer of 1776, taking advantage of the site’s steep terrain. On November 16, 1776, 4,000 Hessian mercenaries fighting on behalf of the British attacked the outnumbered Maryland and Virginia riflemen who were defending the position. It was here that John and Margaret Corbin fought.
After cannoneer John Corbin was shot and killed, Margaret, who had helped to clean and load the cannon, took over for her husband, continuing to fire shots until she was hit by gunfire as well and subsequently captured. Although not fatal, the wounds in her shoulder crippled her for life. She received one-half of a soldier’s pension, as decreed by the Continental Congress in 1779.
Corbin later moved near the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where she worked until her death, around 1800. In 1926, Corbin’s body was disinterred and buried in the West Point Military Cemetery, the first woman to be buried at West Point.
Gertrude Ederle Recreation Center and Playground
Born to German immigrants in New York City on October 23, 1905, Ederle was raised on the Upper West Side of Manhattan at 108 Amsterdam Avenue, above her father’s butcher shop. A Gold Medal Olympian and World Record holder in swimming, Ederle is known to be the first woman to swim across the English Channel, departing from Cap Gris Nez in France on August 6, 1926, and landing on the shores of Kingsdown in Kent, England 14 hours and 39 minutes later.
She was the first female to have a ticker tape parade in her honor in New York City, and her achievement was applauded nationwide. President Calvin Coolidge (served 1923-1929) praised her as “America’s Best Girl.” Ederle taught swimming at the Lexington School for the Deaf in New York City after losing a portion of her hearing several years after the Channel Swim. She performed in the 1939 World’s Fair, and lived in Flushing, Queens for more than 50 years.
Gertrude Ederle died in Wyckoff, New Jersey in 2003 at the age of 98. The Gertrude Ederle Recreation Center and nearby Gertrude Ederle Playground are named for the famed Olympian.
Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly Playground
Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly (1862-1934) studied at the Women’s Medical College of the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, and became one of the first women doctors in the United States. Later, Dr. Kelly ran a surgical clinic for the poor. She was a supporter of social causes, including the Irish Republican movement and women’s suffrage.
The Manhattan playground was named for Kelly by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia on May 16, 1936 and was one of five “model playgrounds” opened by Robert Moses in 1934.
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir in Central Park
Another First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1928-1994), is honored in Central Park. The Central Park Reservoir was renamed the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir in 1994. She lived across the street in the penthouse apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue.
Margaret Mead Green at Theodore Roosevelt Park
Margaret Mead (1901-1978) was an American anthropologist famous for her studies of social structures among the people of Samoa and New Guinea. Mead worked as a research fellow and curator of ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History from 1926 until her death in 1978.
The American Museum of Natural History’s Hall of Pacific Peoples owes many of its exhibits to Mead’s research in the South Pacific, and there’s an annual Margaret Mead Film Festival featuring documentaries and shorts about the world’s cultures. The western section of Theodore Roosevelt Park, home of the Museum of Natural History, was named for Mead in 1979.
Sara D. Roosevelt Park
Eleanor Roosevelt’s mother-in-law Sara D. Roosevelt (1854-1941) was a much beloved figure when Manhattan’s Sara D. Roosevelt Park was named for her in 1934. Known as the “First Mother”, at a time when very few presidents’ mothers were alive while they served in the Oval Office. The park’s dedication ceremony was broadcast over radio from Maine to Virginia, and attended in person by 100,000 people.
Lillian Wald (1867-1940) was a leader in the social reform and recreation movement, and a pioneer in the field of public health. With Mary Brewster, she opened an out-patient nursing service on the Lower East Side, which expanded into the Henry Street Settlement House in 1893. In 1898, with eventual Parks Commissioner Charles Stover, she founded the Outdoor Recreation League, which sponsored some of New York City’s first playgrounds.
In 1902, she helped launch the world’s first public nursing program and in 1912, promoted the American Red Cross’s rural nursing service. Two playgrounds on Manhattan’s Lower East Side are named for her.
Marie Curie Park
French-Polish physicist Marie Curie (1867-1934) discovered radium, polonium, and the nature of radioactivity with her husband Pierre. The Curies received many joint awards for their discoveries, among them the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics. In 1911, Marie became the first person to receive a second Nobel Prize, this time for chemistry. Curie is honored in Queens’ Marie Curie Park.
Alice Austen Park
Staten Island’s Alice Austen (1866-1952) was a photographer whose more than 9,000 photographs of the late 19th and early 20th century document life in New York City and elsewhere. She was born in northeastern Staten Island in 1866 and later moved in with her grandparents who owned the Victorian cottage which takes her name — the house is one of many historic homes in the New York City park system.
Austen lived in the house, later with her companion Gertrude Tate, until the Depression wiped out her life savings, and she was forced to sell the family home and move into a poorhouse. Only toward the end of her life was her photographic work rediscovered, and she received considerable media attention not long before her death in 1952. A large collection of her photographs is now owned by the Staten Island Historical Society.
Morris-Jumel Mansion Museum at Roger Morris Park
Eliza Jumel (1775-1865 ), one of the wealthiest women of 19th century America lived in Manhattan’s oldest house, a mansion at Roger Morris Park in Manhattan. Although she as a well-known socialite and businesswoman, she is most famous for her marriage to former Vice President Aaron Burr (1756-1836 ), who murdered Alexander Hamilton.
This article was adapted from the NYC Parks Dept. website.